نوع مقاله : علمی _ ترویجی
بنیاد پژوهشهای اسلامی، گروه حکمت و کلام اسلامی و استاد دانشگاه
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Holy Qur’ān has not merely claimed about the existence of God; rather, it has accompanied its claims with reasoning and argument. One of the arguments of which different versions have been presented in the Holy Qur’ān is the argument of the “possibility in the sense of need” (imkān-i faqrī). This argument is among the accurate arguments on proving the existence of God, according to which the existence of God is proved by way of proving the essential and existential poverty of beings other than God and their essential need for the existence of an essentially self-sufficient Creator. At least five versions have been presented in the Holy Qur’ān for this argument: the versions concerning the creatures to be regarded as signs, the essential poverty of creatures, perishing and annihilation of creatures, vitality and self-subsistence of the Most Exalted Creator, and attribution of actions to God. These versions are reappraised in this article with the help of various Qur’ānic verses.