نوع مقاله : علمی _ ترویجی
1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه الزهراء
2 . کارشناس ارشد علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه الزهراء
عنوان مقاله [English]
Can it be said that suppressing the anger in human relations prepares the ground for peace, mental health, and upgrading the culture? The present article is intended to answer the above question. The approach of this study is descriptive, which is carried out by collecting information from Islamic sources and scientific research sources with the help of analytical-documentary method. Examining the performed study indicates that there is a fundamental difference between the Islamic and Western perspectives as to how to face anger. From the Western point of view, the sick anger has to be cured but at the same time, anger should not be suppressed. In this viewpoint, the cause for anger is normally not taken into consideration. In Islamic traditions, however, suppression of anger is viewed as radically curing the problem. The findings of this research show that the outburst of anger not only would not help one’s health, but would also leave an undesirable effect on people’s mental health as well as their physical health, whereas studying some traditions related from the leaders of Islam show that suppressing one’s anger would not only result in one’s health and safety, but it would lead them to perfection of intellect as well.
Brackett M A, Mayer J D, Warner R.M(200۴). Emotional intelligence andits relation to everyday behaviour. Personality and IndividualDifferences; 3۶:2008–1۴02.
DeSteno, D., Petty, R. E., Rucker, D. D., Wegener, D. T., Braverman, J. (200۴).Discrete Emotions and Persuasion: The Role of Emotion- Induced Expectancies.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 8۶(1):۴3–۵۶
Ellis, A .(200۵). Anger, How to live with and without it. Jaico.
Feindler, E. (200۶). Anger related disorders. A practitioner`s Guide to comparativeTreatments.
Iwaniec, D. (200۶). The emotionally abused andneglected child ,2nd ed. Johnwiley & Sons, Ltd.
Julkunen J, Ahlstrfm R.(200۶) Hostility, anger, and sense of coherence aspredictors of health–related quality of life. Results of an ASCOTsubstudy. Journal of Psychosomatic Research; ۶1: 33– 39.
Lindsay, W. R., Allan, R., Macleod, F., Smart, N., &Smith, A. H. W. (2003). "Long term treatment andmanagement of violent tendencies of men with intellectual disabilities convicted of assault". MentalRetardation, ۴1, ۴7-۵۶.
Maddi S R, Brow M, Khoshaba DM, Vaitkus M.( 200۶) Relationship of hardiness and religiousness to depression and anger. ConsultingPsychology Jouranl; ۵8(3): 1۴8–1۶1.
Oatley, K. (1992). Best Laid Schemes: The Psychology of Emotions,Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Rusting, C.L., & Nolen-Hoeksema, S. (1998). Regulating Responses toAnger: Effects of Rumination and Distraction on Angry Mood, Journalof Personality and Social Psychology, 7۴, 790-803
Perlis, R, H., Smoller, J, W., Fava, M., Rosenbaum, J,F., Nierenberg, A, A., & Sachs, G, S. (200۴). "Theprevalence and clinical correlates of anger attacksduring depressive episodes in bipolar disorder".
Smits D M, Boesk P.D. From anger to verbal aggression: Inhibition at different levels. Personality and Individual Differences 2007; ۴3:۴7–۵7.
Spivey, J. W. (200۵). Marital Conflict and Efficency. Jounal of Counseling and Psychology, 1۴(2): 22-30.
Smith B A, Kinney T A, Donzella B. The Influences of Gender, self–discrepancies and self–awareness on anger and verball aggressivensess among us college students. the journal of social psychology 2001; 1۴1(۴): 2۴۵–27۵.
Would it be possible to declare that dipping anger at human relations will be led to relaxation, mental health and the promotion of culture.
The approach of this study is descriptive. The present article tries to answer this questions in a comparative study scientific literature and Islamic literature on the effects of anger and Kazm on mental health.
Evaluation studies show that there is a fundamental difference between Islamic and Western views on the issue of how to deal with anger. The center of western approach is to treat pathologies in anger, but at the same time should not be suppressed rage and the reason will be ignored but in Islamic view the fundamental solving for the problem is considered.
This study suggests that Showing anger does not only contribute to health but also has negative effects on mental health and physical health, while Islamic sources show: not showing anger will help people to have immunity and health and mad human people to be more wiser.
Key words: Anger; Kazme gheyz; Mental health.