نوع مقاله : علمی _ ترویجی
استادیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی دانشگاه پیام نور
عنوان مقاله [English]
Predestinarianism is among the important theological discussions that has preoccupied the poets. This article is dealing with the dominance of predestination in two prominent epic and mystical works – Shāhnāma and Mathnavī – and states their similarities and differences.
The perspectives of Firdawsī and Mawlawī in this respect are very similar and despite the difference of topics, their perspectives are very close. Both works consider predestination as the locus of manifestation for God’s will and the overall Divine providence; and with the great emphasis that they have made on the absolute authority of God over the universe and man, they do not regard it as incompatible with free will and human freedom. In their view, appealing to predestination is for staying in peace rather than negating human responsibility. Recommending benevolence and acts of decency, observing justice, and giving up tyranny are among the common features of these two works.