عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Mashhad is regarded as one of the biggest pilgrimage centers of Iran and the world of Islam. From the beginning of the 10th/16th century and simultaneous to the rise of the Saffavid rule, the number of Shī‘a pilgrims to pilgrimage centers, including Mashhad, gained an increasing pace. The presence of pilgrims in this city has left considerable cultural, social, and economic impacts on the local people residing in this city. Many tourists and travelers who in the Qajar period arrived in Iran from different parts of the world as well as people from different parts of Iran visited this city and wrote the account of their observation in the form of various travelogues. The present article is intended to describe, with reliance on these sources, the complexities and situations of pilgrimage in this city during the Qajar reign and thereby to examine the impacts and consequences of the presence of pilgrims on the social context and countenance of this city.