عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Insufficient familiarity of some authors of the Encyclopedia of Islam with the history of Shī‘ism and Islamic theology (kalām) has caused the weakness of entries related to the Twelver Shī‘ism in the Encyclopedia of Islam. ‘Alī al-Rizā is among the entries that due to the author’s over-reliance on the Sunnī sources suffers weakness of one-sidedness in introducing his holiness and has resulted in the infiltration of deficient non-Shī‘ī sources into the reports on Imam al-Rizā’s (A.S.) socio-political activities in this entry, leading to dealing more with the Ma’mūn’s activities than addressing the Imam’s biography. As this encyclopedia is known to be one of the major sources in introducing Islam, critical review of its entries would make great contribution to the removal of deficiencies, correction of mistakes, and upgrading the level of information on the history of Shī‘ism. In line with the above objectives and with a historico-analytical method, the present article has critically reviewed this entry in its four sections of birth and demise, activities, heir apparency, and the sources (bibliography).