نوع مقاله : علمی _ ترویجی
1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه علوم اسلامی رضوی
2 استادیار دانشگاه علوم اسلامی رضوی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The punishment of the apostate, briefly described in the Qur'an and in detail in Islamic jurisprudence and traditions, may create a doubt about compelling Muslims to preserve religion and belief. This is while Islam is the religion of invitation and guidance, and the Qur'an has denied constraint in religion. This paper tries to find a response to this problem and to resolve this apparent incompatibility in a descriptive-analytical method and also in a library method. The study of verses and narratives related to apostasy leads us to the conclusion that the apostolic worldly punishment is merely related to the actions, not the change of inner opinion and belief. The two terms of "denial" and "publicizing" for the realization of the apostasy issue of worldly punishment, as well as the Qur'an reveal about the conspiracy of enemies to undermine Muslim beliefs with apostasy are among the reasons and evidence of this claim. This reflects the fact that the apostasy verdict is intended to protect Muslim religious beliefs and their moral rights.