نوع مقاله : علمی _ ترویجی
1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد تفسیر
2 استادیار علوم قرآن و حدیث دانشگاه اصفهان
عنوان مقاله [English]
‘Ilm al-hadith is among the sciences effective in understanding the words of ma‘sūmin (the Prophet and his infallible progeny). This science is divided into various branches such as rijāl (science dealing with transmitters of hadith) and fiqh al-hadith (appreciation of hadith). The question here is whether there are any instances of this science in the sayings of ma‘sūmin. It is in respect to this issue that Imam ‘Ali’s (A.S.) perspective in terms of ‘ilm al-hadith is studied in this article, consisting of the following: 1. Imam ‘Ali’s (A.S.) undertakings in promulgation of ahādith as well as encouraging people to act by the Prophet’s (S.A.W.) tradition and urging people to learn and write [to spread about] hadith; 2. The existence of fabricated ahādith in traditions; 3. Types of transmitters and traditions; 4. Imam ‘Ali’s (A.S.) principles in solving hadith discrepancy; 5. Principles of hadith comprehension, including the correction of distortions in the Prophet’s (S.A.W.) traditions; 6. Imam ‘Ali’s (A.S.) viewpoint concerning the sanad of ahādith; 7. The existence of sa‘b (difficult) and mustas‘ab (very difficult) ahādith in Imam ‘Ali’s (A.S.) narrations and his viewpoint in this regard. These points indicate that Imam ‘Ali (A.S.) has related some instances of ‘ilm al-hadith in his narrations and has emphasized on it as well, which proves the importance of this science from the perspective of the Imams (A.S.).