عنوان مقاله [English]
Given their apparent features, carpets have always been subjects to aesthetic discussion and the experts have mentioned numerous indices and variables as aesthetic principles in carpets.
With respect to the fact that a great part of the carpets preserved in Āstān Quds Raḍawī Carpet Museum are endowed or donated, they have been directly influenced by the beliefs of their weavers and producers from the aesthetic point of view. Accordingly, in the present article, the aesthetic principles of the prayer-niche rugs of Āstān Quds Raḍawī Carpet Museum are studied and, among their objectives, one can point out the recognition of aesthetic principles based on the beliefs and culture of the weavers and producers of different carpet-weaving regions as well as the impact of using this collection of rugs in the Holy Shrine. To this end, first the principles and branches of aesthetics in Islamic art, such as symbolism, principle of Unity, centrism, symmetry, and balance are identified. Then, according to the above-mentioned indices, the aesthetics of the collection under study are studied in line with achieving the objectives in question. This article is a subsection of descriptive-analytical articles and the gathering of information has taken place with the library and fieldwork method.